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Conformation has long been used by horsemen and women to determine the suitability of a horse for certain disciplines, and also its potential ability to withstand the rigors of competition. Few of the criteria used have been established by scientific research, as studying the moving horse requires sophisticated and expensive equipment. Results of studies conducted in Sweden revealed that when dressage horses were compared with show jumpers, the dressage horses had a shorter neck and tibia and a larger elbow angle. Although these traits do not necessarily guarantee success, a positive correlation has been found between hock angles and competitive success in both dressage and show jumping horses. This reiterates what riders and trainers already know, that good joints are essential in the performance horse. The junction between any two bones is known as an articulation or a joint. There are several types of joints. Some are fixed or practically immovable, such as those found between the skull bones. Others are freely movable and have articular cartilage and joint capsules. Their function is to provide a join between bones that can withstand high impact forces and allow the leg to "swing" freely with little resistance. The movement of a joint is controlled and limited by the action of muscles and passive structures such as ligaments and tendons.
Library | 08.08.23
Library | 01.03.22
Library | 23.02.22